EU policies and projects are helping cities to roll out transport choices that improve air quality and public health.
Road traffic is the main source of two of the most harmful pollutants – fine particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide. These cause tens of thousands of premature deaths each year in Europe’s cities. The EU’s aims to reduce transport emissions by 90% by 2050.
New mobility services, such as car-sharing, bicycle-sharing and smart public transport, could dramatically reduce private car use and air pollution.
These services align with 2021-2027 and Green Deal funding for sustainable multi-modal urban mobility, and clean-transport commitments in the . The recommends actions that link to Horizon Europe research priorities and the initiative.
Guiding greener choices
In Helsinki, the project has developed the Green Path app to guide cyclists and pedestrians to choose less-polluted routes. The app uses real-time air-quality data and a crowdsourced database to boost healthier mobility.
One member – the city of Bielefeld in Germany – has set a strategy for cars to be responsible for only 25% of local journeys by 2030. Measures include investing in infrastructure and encouraging cycling and walking.
Cities are also exploring new ways for residents to better access public transport. The project in Sofia in Bulgaria is introducing electric buses that follow timetables and routes based on passenger requests in an app as an alternative to short car journeys.
In addition to SUMPs, there are many global and European frameworks and tools which are helping cities to switch to low-emission transport.
created for the Dutch city of Utrecht are available for other cities to calculate the impacts of changes to infrastructure. These Excel-based tools include step-by-step guidance on developing policies for better air quality.
At a strategic level, the EU’s offers cities information-sharing, funding, research and international cooperation to develop strategies for sustainable mobility. Networks, programmes and research from the add to this support, helping cities to build on growing public interest in greener, cleaner travel.
- Publication date
- 18 January 2022
- Safety and urban mobility